一提到英语词汇,备考四六级的同学是不是就有些焦虑呢?大家是不是在考试之前都捧着词汇书在学习呢?但英语中也有很多相似的词汇,不知道大家注意过没有。今天就来和大家说说这些易混淆的单词吧!在英语考试中出现的时候大家也能够分辨清楚了。

affect / effect

affect

[?'fekt]

v. 影响,假装 n. (尤指影响行为或行动的)情感,感情

Your opinion will not affect my decision.

你的意见不会影响我的决定。

effect

[?'fekt]

n. 结果,效力 v. 产生,导致

The aspirins soon take effect.

阿司匹林药片很快见效。

evoke / invoke

evoke

[??v?uk]

v. 唤起;引起

His case is unlikely to evoke public sympathy.

他的情况不大可能引起公众的同情。

invoke

[?n?v??k]

v. 祈求(神灵)保佑,乞灵于,行使(法权)

This command will invoke the HELP system.

这条指令将启用"帮助"系统。

considerable / considerate

considerable

[k?n?s?d?r?bl]

adj. 相当多(大)的

Damage to the building was considerable.

对这栋建筑物的损坏相当严重。

considerate

[k?n?s?d?r?t]

adj. 体谅的

Be considerate, and leave a good impression.

请考虑周全一些,并留下良好的印象。

sensible / sensitive

sensible

[?sens?bl]

adj. 实用的,明智的

It might be sensible to get a lawyer.

找个律师可能会是明智的。

sensitive

[?sens?t?v] quick to receive

adj. 敏感的

She is very sensitive by nature.

她生性很敏感。

beneficial / beneficent

beneficial

adj. 有益的,有利的

A good diet is beneficial to health.

良好的饮食有益于健康。

beneficent

[b??nef?s?nt]

adj. 慈善的,善行的

This is a beneficent act.

这是仁慈的行为。

comprehensible / comprehensive

comprehensible

[?k?mpr??hens?b?l]

adj. 可理解的

Is it simple and comprehensible?

它简单且易于理解吗?

comprehensive

[?k?mpr??hens?v]

adj. 全面的,综合的,广泛的

The idea was to create a comprehensive road map of the Web.

这个想法原是为万维网做一个综合指南。

council / counsel

council

[?kaunsl]

n. 政务会; 理事会; 委员会; 顾问班子

The members left the council chamber.

议员离开了会议厅。

counsel

[?kaunsl]

n. 劝告; 忠告; 法律顾问

I was grateful for her wise counsel.

我感激她为我指点迷津。

fiction / friction

fiction

[?f?k??n]

n. 虚构的文学作品; 小说 ,编造,虚构

The book intermingles fact and fiction.

这本书事实和虚构并存。

friction

[?fr?k??n]

n. 摩擦,摩擦力

This layer of water reduces friction.

这层水减少了摩擦。

harness / hardness

harness

[?hɑ:n?s]

v. 治理,驾驭,利用

You can easily harness the power of both.

您可以轻易地利用二者的能力。

hardness

[?hɑ:dn?s]

n. 坚固;冷酷无情

The hardness of ice is similar to that of concrete.

冰的硬度和混凝土差不多。

liberal / liberate

liberal

[?l?b?r?l]

adj. 思想开明的; 自由主义的

I hadn't got him marked down as a liberal.

我当时还没有把他看作自由主义者。

liberate

[?l?b?re?t]

v. 解放; 释放

They planned to march on and liberate the city.

他们打算继续前进解放这座城市。

loyal / royal

loyal

[?l???l]

adj. 忠诚的,忠实的

They had remained loyal to the president.

他们一直忠于总统。

royal

[?r???l]

adj. 王室的; 皇家的

He's a dancer with the Royal Ballet.

他是皇家芭蕾舞团的舞蹈演员。

mass / mess

mass

[m?s]

n. 许多; 大量

It was a time of mass unemployment.

当时有大批人失业。

mess

[mes]

n. 混乱; 杂乱; 肮脏

The house is a complete mess.

这房子实在太乱了。

moral / mortal

moral

[?m?:r?l]

adj. 精神上的; 道义上的

He has high moral principles.

他很有道德。

mortal

[?m?:t?l]

adj. 终有一死的;人类的,致命的

We are all mortal.

我们都总有一死。

objection / objective

objection

[?b?d?ek??n]

n. 反对(某人或某事)

I have no objection to your request.

我不反对你的请求。

objective

[?b?d?ekt?v]

adj. 客观上存在的; 真实的

What is the main objective of this project?

这个项目的主要目标是什么?

odour / odd

odour

['?ud?]

n. 气味,名声

He was acutely aware of the odour of cooking oil.

他强烈地觉察到了烹调油的味道。

odd

[?d]

adj. 奇怪的; 古怪的; 不寻常的

They're very odd people.

他们那些人都很古怪。

publication / publicity

publication

[?p?bl??ke???n]

n. 出版; 发行

All reports are vetted before publication.

所有报道都要经过仔细检查后才能发表。

publicity

[p?b?l?s?t?]

n. 宣传; 推广; 广告

She works in publicity.

她从事宣传工作。

respect / aspect

respect

[r?s?pekt]

v. 尊敬,尊重

I respect him as a doctor.

我尊敬他这个医生。

aspect

[??spekt]

n. 方面

They were royally received in every aspect.

他们在各个方面都受到了隆重接待。

rumor / tumor

rumor

[?ru?m?(r) ]

n. 流言, 谣言, 传闻

This rumor is apparently false.

很显然,这个传闻并不属实。

tumor

['tju:m?]

n. 肿块,肿瘤

A child was wrongly diagnosed as having a bone tumor.

一个孩子被误诊为有骨瘤。

simulate / stimulate

simulate

[?s?mjule?t]

v. 假装,伪装; 佯为; 模仿

Design, simulate, and optimize the business processes.

设计、模拟和优化业务流程。

stimulate

[?st?mjule?t]

v. 刺激,鼓舞

These businesses stimulate the creation of local jobs.

这些企业刺激了当地就业机会的产生。

statue / status

statue

[?st?tju:]

n. 雕像,塑像

I stared fixedly at the statue.

我目不转睛地看着那尊雕像。

status

[?ste?t?s]

n. 身份; 地位,情形

The party was denied legal status.

那个党派没有获得合法地位。

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