大家觉得英语词汇学习的时候哪些地方比较困难,其实熟词生义一直是英语考试中的重难点。今天就和大家说说常见的熟词生义情况吧,希望下面的内容可以帮助同学们在语境中加深对单词释义的理解,话不多说我们一起来看看吧!

No.1

afford

? 熟义:v 买得起;支付得起

I couldn’t afford the rent on my own.

我单靠自己付不起房租。

? 生义:v 抽得出(时间)

She couldn’t afford the time off work to see him.

她工作太忙,抽不出时间去看他。

No.2

against

? 熟义:prep 反对

Are you for or against my proposal?

你赞成还是反对我的提议?

? 生义:prep 以??为背景;以防

His red clothes stood out clearly against the snow.

他的红色衣服在白雪中格外显眼。

We are insured the car against fire, theft and accident.

我们替车买了火险、盗窃险和交通意外险。

No.3

air

? 熟义:n 空气

Let’s go out for some fresh air.

咱们出去呼吸点新鲜空气。

? 生义:v 公开发表(看法)

Staff will get a chance to ask questions and air their views.

员工将有机会提问并发表意见。

No.4

business

? 熟义:n 商业;买卖;生意

She works in the computer business.

她从事电脑业。

? 生义:n 职责

It is the business of the police to protect the community.

警察的职责是保护社会。

No.5

coin

? 熟义:n 硬币

a ten-cent coin 面值十分的硬币

? 生义:v 创造(新词语)

Jaron Lanier coined the term “virtual reality” and pioneered its early development.

加隆·雷尼尔首创“虚拟现实”一词,并率先进行早期开发。

No.6

collect

? 熟义:v 收集;收藏

I used to collect stamps.

我过去曾经集邮。

? 生义:v 接走;领取

Martin’s gone to collect the children from school.

马丁去接孩子们放学了。

Your shoes will be repaired and ready for you to collect on Thursday.

你的鞋子星期四会修好,到时可以来取。

No.7

corner

? 熟义:n 街角;拐角

There’s a hotel at the corner of my street.

我住的那条街拐角处有一家旅馆。

? 生义:v 使??走投无路;逼??入绝境

If cornered, the snake will defend itself.

蛇在被逼得走投无路时会自卫。

No.8

cover

? 熟义:v 覆盖

Much of the country is covered by forest.

森林覆盖了这个国家的大片土地。

? 生义:v 行走(一段路程);报道

They were hoping to cover 40 miles yesterday.

他们昨天是打算走40英里的。

She’s covering the American election for BBC television.

她在为英国广播公司的电视台报道美国大选。

No.9

develop

? 熟义:v 发展;开发;研制

The company develops and markets new software.

这家公司开发并销售新软件。

? 生义:v 冲洗(胶片)

I haven’t had my holiday photos developed yet.

我的度假照片还没冲洗出来。

No.10

exercise

? 熟义:n / v 运动;锻炼

It’s important to exercise regularly.

经常锻炼很重要。

? 生义:n / v 行使;运用(权力等)

When she appeared in court she exercised her rights to remain silent.

她出庭时行使了自己保持沉默的权利。

No.11

figure

? 熟义:n 数字

His salary is now in six figures.

他的薪水现在是六位数。

? 生义:v 认为

We figured the sensible thing to do was to wait.

我们认为明智的做法是等待。

No.12

gift

? 熟义:n 礼物;赠品

The watch was a gift from my mother.

这块表是母亲给我的礼物。

? 生义:n 天赋;才能

She has a great gift for music.

她极有音乐天赋。

No.13

hold

? 熟义:v 拿着;召开;举行

Could we hold a meeting to discuss this tomorrow afternoon?

明天下午我们开会讨论这件事好吗?

? 生义:v 容纳;担任

The plane holds about 300 passengers.

这架飞机可容纳大约300名乘客。

He currently holds the position of technical manager.

他目前担任技术经理的职务。

No.14

lead

? 熟义:v 领路;引领

If you lead, I’ll follow. 你领头,我跟着。

? 生义:v 通往;导致

The path led down to a small lake.

这条路通向一个小湖。

Eating too much sugar can lead to health problems.

食用过多的糖会引起健康问题。

No.15

line

? 熟义:n 线;行;列

The children all stood in a line.

孩子们全都站成一排。

? 生义:n 台词

It always took me ages to learn my lines.

我总是花很长时间才能记住台词。

No.16

measure

? 熟义:v 测量

Measure the length and width of the gap.

测量一下这个裂口的长度和宽度。

? 生义:n 措施;办法

These measures were designed to improve car safety.

这些措施旨在提高汽车安全性。

No.17

nail

? 熟义:n 钉子;指甲

The key was hanging on a nail by the door.

钥匙挂在门边的一颗钉子上。

She sat painting her nails.

她坐着涂指甲油。

? 生义:v 钉;将??钉牢

I nailed the sign to a tree.

我将标示牌钉到了一棵树上。

No.18

narrow

? 熟义:adj 狭窄的

There was only a narrow gap between the bed and the wall.

床和墙之间只有一条窄缝。

? 生义:adj 勉强的;刚刚好的;狭义的

We won a narrow victory.

我们险胜。

I am using the word ‘education’ in the narrower sense.

我说的是较狭义的“教育”。

No.19

note

? 熟义:n 笔记;记录

Can I borrow your lecture notes?

我可以借你的课堂笔记看看吗?

? 生义:v 注意;留意

Please note that the bill must be paid within ten days.

请注意本账单必须在十天以内付清。

No.20

object

? 熟义:n 物体;目标

The object is to educate people about road safety.

目的是教育人们注意交通安全。

? 生义:v 反对

I really object to being charged for parking.

我非常反对收停车费。

No.21

perform

? 熟义:v 演出;表演

I’m looking forward to seeing you perform.

我期待着看你演出。

? 生义:v 做;履行;执行

This operation has never been performed in this country.

这个国家从未做过这种手术。

No.22

plain

? 熟义:n 平原

High mountains rise above the plain.

高山从平原拔地而起。

? 生义:adj 清楚的;明显的;坦诚的

I made it quite plain that I wasn’t interested.

我直截了当地表示我不感兴趣。

Let’s have some plain, truthful answers.

让我们听听坦率而真实的回答吧。

No.23

post

? 熟义:v 邮寄

Have you posted your order yet?

你把订单寄出去没有?

? 生义:v 张贴;公布

A copy of the letter was posted on the noticeboard.

布告牌上张贴了这封信的内容。

No.24

pronounce

? 熟义:v 发音

Very few people can pronounce my name correctly.

很少有人能把我的名字念正确。

? 生义:v 正式宣布(或公布、授予等)

She was pronounced dead on arrival at the hospital.

到达医院时她被宣布已经死亡。

No.25

raise

? 熟义:v 提升;举起

She raised a hand in greeting.

她扬起手表示问候。

? 生义:v 募集;抚养;养育

They were raising funds to help needy youngsters.

他们正在筹款帮助贫困青少年。

The new generation was the first to be raised on processed food.

新成长起来的一代是第一批吃加工食品长大的一代。

No.26

read

? 熟义:v 阅读;读;朗读

He liked reading to his grandchildren.

他喜欢念书给孙子孙女听。

? 生义:v 解读;理解;读数为;显示

She shook her head, and I read this as a refusal.

她摇摇头,我以为这是拒绝。

What does the thermometer read?

温度计的读数是多少?

No.27

respect

? 熟义:n / v 尊敬;敬重

She had always been honest with me, and I respect her for that.

她一直对我很诚实。我非常敬重她这一点。

? 生义:n (事物的)方面

In many respects the new version is not as good as the old one.

新版在许多方面不如旧版。

No.28

sentence

? 熟义:n 句子

It’s difficult to sum it up in one sentence.

很难用一句话来概括。

? 生义:n / v 判刑

She received an eight-year prison sentence.

她被判八年徒刑。

No.29

well

? 熟义:adv 好;令人满意地

The kids all behaved well.

孩子们都很有礼貌。

? 生义:v 涌出;流出

Tears were welling up in her eyes.

她热泪盈眶。

No.30

wind

? 熟义:n 风

例句:The wind is blowing from the south.

刮的是南风。

? 生义:v 蜿蜒;给(钟表等)上发条

The path wound down to the beach.

这条小路弯弯曲曲通向海滩。

He had forgotten to wind his watch.

他忘了给表上发条了。

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